The Brolga is the only crane endemic to the Australian region.
In the wetter parts of the Atherton Tablelands district the Brolga is usually found in small numbers among large flocks of the Sarus Crane. The two species forage and roost together.
In drier parts the Brolga predominates. Like the Sarus Crane it is absent during the Wet season, when it nests in marshy lowland districts.
The Brolga and other cranes have elaborate courtship displays. At lesser intensity such displays occur all year. Birds often jump a metre into the air with wings outspread, or beat their wings while taking a few forward steps.
Pairs form at 3-4 years of age and become permanent for life.
Sedge tubers are common food items. Like other cranes they may damage agricultural crops.
A well known nocturnal roost site is situated at Bromfield Swamp near Malanda, where the nightly arrival of Sarus Cranes and Brolgas during the Dry season has become a tourist spectacle.